In this article, you will know when should you worry about High Blood Pressure. High blood pressure is also known as hypertension.
Hypertension is one of the biggest risks of cardiovascular disease. Over a long period of time, it leads to damage to the arteries and atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries.
The main adverse consequence is cerebrovascular accidents, which can be caused by stroke or cerebral hemorrhage. Repeated small strokes cause memory impairment.
In addition, hypertension is one of the most common causes of heart failure. Although hypertension itself is not felt, its consequences are serious and therefore treatment is important.
Why Is High Blood Pressure Dangerous?
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Blood pressure levels are divided according to the following table. High blood pressure is always treated with lifestyle and, if necessary, with medication.
Treatment should be started if blood pressure repeatedly exceeds the criteria for first-degree High blood pressure.
|Grouping||Upper pressure (mmHg)||Lower pressure (mmHg)|
Blood pressure measurements:
Blood pressure consists of upper and lower blood pressure. The highest number in the upper pressure and the lowest number is the lower pressure.
Important to remember
- 120/80 or lower is ideal blood pressure.
- 140/90 or higher is high blood pressure.
- 135/85 or higher is the high blood pressure when measuring at home. At home, your blood pressure is often slightly lower than at the doctor.
- 180/110 or higher is severely elevated blood pressure.
- 90 or lower: your blood pressure is good
- Between 90 and 110: you have high blood pressure
- 110 or higher: your blood pressure is severely elevated.
The lower your blood pressure, the better. This also applies to low blood pressure. By living healthily you can lower your blood pressure.
From the age of 40, you are more likely to have high blood pressure. Therefore, especially from that age onwards, measure your blood pressure every year.
It’s easier than you think to take your blood pressure at home. > More about measuring at home
Emergency treatment for high blood pressure at home:
First, you need to understand which indicators are above the norm.
Pressure can be measured with a tonometer. This device produces two numbers.
The first is systolic pressure (the contractile force of the heart), the second is diastolic (the tone of the vessels when the heart muscle relaxes). Normal values in an adult are between 120/80 and 130/85. After the age of forty, the limits are 145/90.
There are many reasons for the rising pressure, ranging from mental stress to physical overexertion.
If the jump is very severe, a dangerous hypertensive crisis begins.
In order to avoid irreversible consequences, it is important to keep in mind which symptoms are typical for this condition:
- Redness of the face;
- Nervous overexcitement;
- Pain in the heart;
- Trembling in the hands;
- The sensation of lack of air;
- Visual impairment.
Under what pressure do you call an ambulance?
This question is individual for each person.
In general, it is assumed that an ambulance must be called when the tonometer reading is 160/95, but there are many deviations from this rule.
For example, in patients with high blood pressure, even 130/85 is considered critical. The decision of whether to request specialists depends on other factors.
First aid under high pressure must come and provide services in such cases:
- The seizure has occurred for the first time in a person’s life.
- The first and repeated administration of medication to lower blood pressure, previously used by hypertensive patients, has not produced a result after one hour.
- There was pain behind the sternum.
- Signs of hypertensive crisis are seen.
What to do in case of high blood pressure?
It is necessary to force the patient to lie down to create a calm environment. Working with increased pressure, either physical or mental, is impossible.
Ventilate the room where the patient is, turn off the lights, pay attention to silence. Strong fragrances in the room should not be.
If a person has already had seizures, give them the medication they normally take. If the condition worsens or there is no positive momentum for more than an hour, call a doctor.
Quick pressure relief at home:
There are many options:
- It is recommended to quickly take special medicines to lower the pressure in the home.
- You can try folk methods to help manage high blood pressure.
- Effects on certain acupuncture points and some massage techniques are very effective.
- Relieve the symptoms of breathing exercises will help.
What causes high blood pressure?
The cause of high blood pressure is not always known, but many lifestyle factors have a significant impact on blood pressure. The following factors increase your risk of developing high blood pressure:
- You are over 65 years old.
- You are overweight. Being overweight, especially around the waist, makes you more susceptible to high blood pressure. Being over 15 kilos overweight increases your risk of high blood pressure by three times compared to normal weight.
- Your relative has high blood pressure. High blood pressure is partly genetically inherited.
- You eat a lot of salty food and don’t eat enough fruit and vegetables. The sodium in salt has a direct effect on blood pressure.
- You don’t get enough exercise.
- You take a lot of NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen.
- You use hormone products such as the contraceptive pill or menopausal hormone therapy.
- You drink a lot of alcohol, coffee, or other caffeinated drinks.
- You smoke.
- You are under a lot of stress.
- You sleep badly or do not get enough sleep at night.
- Sometimes pregnancy raises your blood pressure. High blood pressure during pregnancy is the most common pre-pregnancy co-morbidity, diagnosed in 3-8% of expectant mothers. If you suffered from high blood pressure before pregnancy, you should discuss appropriate treatment with your doctor. Blood pressure is monitored during antenatal clinic visits.
Lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of high blood pressure and help lower blood pressure if it is elevated.
A healthy diet, avoiding excess salt, exercise, adequate rest, and avoiding tobacco and alcohol can help quickly.
How to lower blood pressure?
A large proportion of patients need medication to lower their blood pressure.
The idea of drug treatment is not always appealing, especially if hypertension does not significantly affect daily life.
However, it is important to remember that although high blood pressure may not cause any symptoms, if left untreated it can lead to serious health consequences.
With the right treatment, you can reduce your risk of heart attack, arterial disease, and stroke.
Medicines to lower blood pressure work by, for example, preventing the body from producing substances that raise blood pressure, removing fluid and salt, and dilating blood vessels.
High blood pressure is often treated with ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors such as Ramipril and Lisinopril. These drugs relax and dilate the blood vessels, making it easier for the heart to pump and preventing heart strain.
- Lowering blood pressure through lifestyle changes:
Lifestyle is one of the most important factors affecting blood pressure.
By eating healthily, exercising, getting enough sleep, and avoiding tobacco and alcohol, you can make significant changes to your overall health and your blood pressure.
Try these tips for lowering your blood pressure:
Your blood pressure will rise as you gain weight. Being overweight can also cause sleep apnea, which raises blood pressure.
Weight loss is one of the most effective ways to keep blood pressure at a healthy level.
For men, the risk of high blood pressure increases if the waist circumference is over 102 centimeters, for women it is 89 centimeters.
(2) Exercise regularly:
Try to exercise at least half an hour a day. Brisk walking, swimming, and cycling are forms of exercise that suit most people and help to lower blood pressure.
It’s important to do exercise that suits you and your schedule – this will make it easier for you to make exercise part of your daily routine.
(3) Eat healthily.
Whole grains, protein, vegetables, fruit, and nuts are all part of a healthy diet. Avoid fatty and sugary foods.
You can add potassium to your diet, as potassium prevents sodium from affecting blood pressure. Potassium can be found in bananas, potatoes, milk, raisins, and watermelon, among others.
(4) Reduce the amount of sodium in your diet.
Even a small reduction in sodium can lower blood pressure by 2-8 millimeters of mercury.
Use no more than 2 300 milligrams of sodium per day, the equivalent of a teaspoon of salt. Choose low-salt products at the grocery store and eat fewer convenience foods.
(5) Reduce alcohol consumption and stop smoking.
Both excessive alcohol consumption and smoking raise blood pressure.
Hypertension is often asymptomatic or vague.
Therefore, the pressure level can only be determined by measurement. A four-day series of measurements is sufficient to monitor treatment.
Morning measurements are usually taken before taking medication and evening measurements are between 6 pm and 9 pm. Record the results so that they can be easily presented to your doctor.
Frequently Asked Questions:
What is the cause of high blood pressure?
Hypertension is most often the result of an unhealthy lifestyle, but it can also be caused by hereditary predispositions.
The most common lifestyle-related causes of high blood pressure are smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, especially stomach lining, high salt or liquorice intake, low physical activity, excessive use of NSAIDs, and long-term stress.
When is blood pressure elevated?
Blood pressure is elevated when the upper value is above 140 or the lower value is above 90. The unit is the millimeter of mercury, mmHg, the old unit of pressure.
The upper value, or upper pressure, indicates the pressure inside the artery during the contraction of the heart. The lower pressure tells you the pressure during the resting phase of the heart.
Hypertension is the single biggest risk factor for stroke.
Hypertension is common in middle-aged and older people. In young people, the walls of the arteries are often still bulging, so the first thing to go up in a young person is the lower pressure.
In an older person, the artery walls stiffen and the lower pressure may be normal, but the upper pressure rises too high.
Why is hypertension a health hazard?
Months or years of high blood pressure damage the arteries in your blood vessels by, among other things, stiffening their walls.
Hypertension is the single biggest risk factor for stroke – and often also for heart attack.
Sometimes shortness of breath, headache, or dizziness can be a sign of high blood pressure.
What are the symptoms associated with high blood pressure?
Most of the time, none at all, it can only be detected by a blood pressure monitor. Therefore, everyone should know their own blood pressure.
However, sometimes shortness of breath, headache, dizziness, and arrhythmia can be a sign of very high blood pressure.
What medicines are used to treat hypertension?
There are many different forms of hypertension, which is why each patient has to find the most suitable medication for him or her. Different medicines are often combined to achieve adequate efficacy.
Is high blood pressure a serious problem?
Yes. High blood pressure can:
- damage important parts of your body, including your heart, brain, eyes, and kidneys.
- lead to strokes, heart attacks, and kidney disease.
For example, many young people with hypertension can be helped to stabilize their blood pressure levels by controlling the so-called idling of the circulatory system with beta-blockers or reducing arterial tension with calcium-blockers.
In older age, when high blood pressure has caused the arterial circulation to stiffen, ace inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (AT blockers) are usually preferred.
Sometimes it is appropriate to add a dehydration tablet to the medication.
It is easier to manage blood pressure if you can lose weight, exercise, do not smoke, and do not drink too much alcohol.
Blood pressure medicines, like all medicines, can have side effects. Some patients cough up ACE inhibitors. Calcifiers, on the other hand, can swell their ankles. In that case, it’s worth switching to another drug.
Can blood pressure be lowered without medication?
Yes, you can. Lifestyle plays a key role in lowering blood pressure.
If you can lose weight, be active, not smoke, and keep your alcohol intake in moderation, your blood pressure will be easier to manage.
It is perfectly possible to get off the medication you are already prescribed if you make enough effort to change your lifestyle.
Sometimes stressful life situations, such as stress, raise blood pressure.
How can I have high blood pressure even if I live a healthy lifestyle?
The reason for elevated blood pressure is usually genetic.
Although most people have hypertension because they are overweight and physically inactive, many people can have high blood pressure despite a healthy lifestyle.
On the other hand, sometimes the cause of worryingly high blood pressure can be found in a stressful life situation, such as stress.
Why is it important to measure blood pressure yourself?
Blood pressure is taken in a doctor’s surgery rarely gives an accurate picture of a patient’s actual blood pressure.
The measurement alone often increases the readings compared to those that would be obtained from a home measurement.
An upper body blood pressure monitor is more reliable than a wrist blood pressure monitor.
It is therefore a good idea to include a list of home blood pressure readings taken over the previous few weeks, together with pulse readings for the same period.
This will give the doctor a better understanding of his patient’s true blood pressure readings and allow the medication to be adjusted.
A good blood pressure monitor is a recommended investment in your health. You can buy one from a pharmacy or online, for example. An upper body monitor is more reliable than a wrist monitor.
Your blood pressure should be measured daily in the morning and in the evening. Once your medication has been corrected, it is enough to check it a couple of times a month.
Reduce salt and eat vegetables, liquid fats, and wholemeal bread to keep your circulatory system in good condition.
How do you eat and exercise to keep your blood pressure under control?
Salty foods increase the amount of fluid in the body and raise blood pressure.
By reducing your salt intake, eating vegetables, liquid fats, and wholemeal bread, and eating sensibly, you are taking sensible care of your vascular system.
Exercise, on the other hand, works like precision medicine. For example, a half-hour of sweaty skiing will lower your blood pressure by as much as one medicine button.
But to permanently lower high blood pressure, you need regular, daily exercise.
The higher the blood pressure, the sooner you start taking medication.
If I ignore high blood pressure, what can I expect?
Your arterial health is at serious risk. Stroke is the worst consequence of untreated hypertension.
Even a perfect lifestyle is not enough. You also need medication.
The risk of myocardial infarction and heart failure also increases.
Personal choices always play a major role in vascular health. But even a perfect lifestyle is not always enough;
Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Each time your heart beats, it pumps out blood into the arteries.
Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure.
When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is the diastolic pressure. 120/80 or lower is normal blood pressure.
140/90 or higher is high blood pressure. Between 120 and 139 for the top number, or between 80 and 89 for the bottom number is pre-hypertension.
I hope you will get some knowledge about High blood pressure and its treatments by reading this article. Comment down your thoughts on this article below. If you have any queries, then ask My Voice.